When it comes to carpet weaving in Pakistan, you’ll find that it’s in the genes. Pakistanis are ethnic Indians who separated from the sub-continent due to religious reasons. They were introduced to the art of rug making at the same time as their southern brothers in India. Today, they do a brisk business of selling Pakistani Persian (Pak Persian) rugs in the global marketplace.
Two popular types of hand-knotted Pakistani floor coverings are Peshawar and Bohkara. They are both named for Pakistani cities where they are most prominently produced. Peshawar floor coverings feature medallion and floral designs that are enhanced with generous spacing for visual appeal. These floor coverings have high knot counts and are considered to be heirloom-quality coverings.
While Peshawar floor coverings make use of the Persian knot, Bohkara floor coverings employ a Turkish knot. The typical Bohkara rug pattern includes geometric shapes on a solid color background. You can expect to see a vivid array of jewel-toned colors and to feel velvety-soft textures upon inspection of Bohkara floor coverings.
Hand-knotted Pakistani floor coverings have a life expectancy between 100 and 125 years. The durability of these floor coverings are credited in large part to the hand-knotting techniques that Pakistani rug makers use to craft the floor coverings and the quality of the yarn that they use to make them. Today’s Pakistani rug makers mass produce the floor coverings from imported New Zealand and Australian wool. The Pakistanis are proud of their rug making industry and have formed the Pakistan Carpet Manufacturers and Exporters Association to cultivate business deals with global importers.